Understanding Mineralization in iAVs

Mineralization is a critical process in the Integrated AquaVegeculture System (iAVs), where it takes place within the system’s unique sand biofilter. This guide will help you understand the concept of mineralization, its importance in iAVs, and how it differentiates from other systems that might use a so-called ‘mineralization tank’.

What is Mineralization?

At its core, mineralization in the context of iAVs involves redox reactions, a type of chemical reaction where the oxidation states of atoms are changed. These reactions are crucial for breaking down organic compounds into simpler, inorganic nutrients that plants can readily absorb. For a deeper understanding of redox reactions, you can refer to Wikipedia.

The Role of the Sand Biofilter in iAVs

The sand biofilter is where mineralization happens in iAVs. It’s not just any soil; it’s a meticulously designed system that includes:

  • Sand (Media): Acts as the physical support for microbial communities.
  • Microbial Communities (Biology): These are the workhorses of the biofilter, breaking down organic compounds.
  • Organic Compounds (Substrate): Includes complex biomolecules that serve as the food for microbial communities.
  • Molecular Oxygen (Energy): Essential for aerobic microbial processes.
  • Water (Solvent): Facilitates the movement of nutrients and supports the life of the microbial community.

Together, these components create a highly efficient, biologically facilitated system that mimics the nutrient cycling found in natural soil environments but in a more controlled and effective manner.

Sand + organics + oxygen + water + microbes + light = SOIL

Sand, a granular material composed of tiny mineral and rock particles, serves as the physical foundation. Organic matter, such as decomposed plant and animal material, enriches the sand with nutrients. 

Oxygen, a vital element for life, supports the metabolic processes of soil-dwelling organisms. Water facilitates the transport of nutrients and provides a medium for chemical reactions. 

Microbes, including bacteria and fungi, break down organic matter into simpler forms that plants can absorb. Light, primarily from the sun, drives photosynthesis in plants, which contributes organic matter to the soil.

The equation provided, “Sand + organics + oxygen + water + microbes + light = SOIL,” simplifies the complex interactions within the biofilter but captures the essence of how these components work together to create a living soil system. This living soil provides a habitat for beneficial microbes that convert fish waste into nutrients that plants can use, mimicking the natural processes found in fertile soil.

Why Not a Mineralization Tank?

In iAVs, the concept of a ‘mineralization tank’ is not applicable. The sand biofilter itself performs the role of mineralization through biological processes. The term ‘bio’ in biofilter emphasizes that the chemical transformations occurring within are biologically mediated.

In aquaponics or hydroponics systems, a mineralization tank is incorporated to simulate the natural process of mineralization that occurs in soil. However, this artificial setup does not fully replicate the intricate and highly effective mechanisms of soil-based mineralization.

Soil is a complex ecosystem teeming with microorganisms, organic matter, and minerals that interact in a dynamic and synergistic manner to break down organic compounds into simpler, inorganic forms. This natural mineralization process is crucial for nutrient cycling, as it converts nutrients into forms that plants can readily absorb and use for growth.

While aquaponic and hydroponic systems do facilitate the conversion of organic matter into usable nutrients, it lacks the diversity of organisms and the full spectrum of chemical and biological interactions found in soil. Consequently, the mineralization tank’s efficiency and complexity are limited compared to the natural soil environment, which has evolved over millennia to optimize nutrient cycling and plant growth.

iAVs achieves a more complete and ‘organic’ form of mineralization, solely facilitated by biological activity. This makes the iAVs sand biofilter not just a substitute for soil but a highly efficient, living system.


In summary, iAVs leverages the natural processes of mineralization within its sand biofilter to break down organic matter into essential nutrients for plant growth. This process is entirely biologically mediated, making it a cornerstone of iAVs efficiency and sustainability. Unlike systems that rely on separate mineralization tanks, iAVs integrates this process into the very fabric of its design, ensuring a more natural, effective, and holistic approach to sustainable agriculture.


Recommended Resources:

Soil Biology and Biochemistry by M. S. Alexander.

This book provides a comprehensive overview of soil biology and biochemistry, including the processes of mineralization and nutrient cycling.

Sustainable Agriculture: An Integrated Approach by Miguel A. Altieri

This book discusses various aspects of sustainable agriculture, including soil management, agroecology, and integrated farming systems, which are relevant to understanding the principles behind iAVs.

Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry by Eldor Paul

This book provides an in-depth understanding of soil microbiology, ecology, and biochemistry, including the processes of mineralization and nutrient cycling.

For further understanding of mineralization and its role in iAVs, the following resources are recommended:

  1. Effects of Vegetation Presence on Soil Net N Mineralization: This study explores how vegetation affects soil net nitrogen mineralization, providing insights into the natural processes that iAVs aims to mimic within its sand biofilter.
  2. Manganese Mineralization of Pathogenic Viruses as a Universal Biomimetic Viral Mineralization Method: Although focused on viral mineralization, this paper introduces the concept of biomimetic mineralization, which can offer a broader understanding of how mineralization processes can be applied in various biological contexts.


Leave a Reply


You may republish this article online or in print under our Creative Commons license. You may not edit or shorten the text, you must attribute the article to 'iAVs Official Website' and you must include the website url in your republication.

If you have any questions, please email managem@howtokillrobots.com


Creative Commons License Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs
Understanding Mineralization in iAVs